Physical breast exam by a doctor to pick up any lesions.
Mammogram - for women 40 years and above, as part of annual breast cancer screening.
Pap smear - cervical screening to be done annually
HPV - vaccination for human papilloma virus that leads to cervical cancer in teenage children from age 12. This is available for boys and girls.
Rectal digital examination by a doctor annually to pick up any abnormal changes of the prostate
PSA - blood test specific for Prostate cancer screening in males from 40 years of age
Metabolic and heart disease
Lipogram - blood test to measure the total amount of cholesterol circulating in the blood, starting at age 20
Blood pressure - an indicator of heart disease. It can be checked from age 18 and often if any of the results are abnormal you will check it regularly.
Fasting plasma glucose - an indicator of diabetes risk. It can be done from 40 years of age or younger if overweight.
This should include a pre and post test counseling. Everyone who is sexually active must know their HIV status.
Provides protection against common influenza strains. It is ideal for everyone, most especially the young children, the elderly, HIV positive, diabetics.
Try these steps to start...
Eat fruits, vegetables, and whole grains every day.
If you need to lose weight, track what you eat with a food diary. Weigh yourself weekly and consult a doctor before partaking in any diets.
Take a multivitamin each day.
Wash your hands regularly.
Don’t smoke or use tobacco. Ask your doctor about products or programs that can help you quit.
Drink alcohol only in moderation. That works out to no more than one drink a day for women and two for men.
Get 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night.
Take a brisk 10-minute walk, three times a day. Aim for a total of 150 minutes per week.
Drink plenty of water. This will help avoid dehydration and will flush out toxins in the body.
Take a break and de-stress.